The New York Times / The Associated Press
Rupert and James Murdoch have refused to testify next week before a parliamentary panel investigating phone hacking by News Corp.'s British tabloids, spurring the panel to demand their presence. But it's unclear how that could be enforced because the Murdochs are American citizens. James Murdoch offered to appear before the panel in August; Rupert Murdoch said he would be willing to talk to a separate inquiry investigating the culture of British media. Rebekah Brooks, the News International executive who was editor of News of the World, has agreed to appear. Further developments: