How Bezos, in his first memo to Washington Post staff, achieved believable optimism
You’re a reporter at The Washington Post and you’ve just heard your company has been bought by, of all people, the guy who created Amazon.
Graham. Bradlee. Woodward. Bernstein.
Think you’re nervous?
Now imagine this:
You’re Jeff Bezos and you know that you’re about to own a building filled with thousands of employees as nervous as that reporter. And you also know that the first thing you say to them will be remembered as vividly as their first kiss, first car or, maybe, the first time they bought a CD on Amazon.
If you’re really good, you’ll say something that leaves them as optimistic about the future of their company as you are.
If you’re really good, you’ll say something they really believe.
Well, I don’t work for the Post, and so I won’t speak for the staff there. But I think the memo that Jeff Bezos released shortly after the purchase was announced is one fine piece of work.
It’s conversational. It acknowledges the tough realities of the news business. It points to the need for change.
And it makes promises. Bezos promises to honor the values of the Washington Post, to own up to mistakes, to “slow down” in order to get it right, to be courageous in the pursuit of truth.
He does not say everyone will keep their jobs. But then, no one has promised that at the Post for a long time. What Bezos demonstrates is that an empty promise of continued employment does not create optimism -- but a genuine promise to commit to important journalism can.
Yes, this memo communicates optimism. In the face of tough realities, Bezos says to that building filled with apprehensive employees, we can “invent” what we want to be, and we can succeed.
I don’t know what lies in store for The Washington Post. Maybe one day journalists will be quoting this memo for stories about failed strategies. But for today, it stands as an example of what to say when you want a room filled with nervous employees to believe.
I was about halfway through this piece on Jeff Bezos' memo when my colleague, Jill Geisler, rushed into my office and said she also was writing about how much she liked his message to Post employees. So as we have done a whole lot of times over the past decade, we teamed up. Here's Jill's take on why Bezos' memo worked so well. She writes:
When I’m teaching about leadership and change, one of the key change “accelerators” I invoke is communication. It’s a skill that many managers -- even those in media -- take for granted. At a time when emotions and uncertainty are high, when people are learning new things and letting go of the old, when people on the outside are questioning and the people on the inside want to believe they know the right answers -- they turn to their leaders.
Too often, they get management-speak that’s aimed at boardrooms, not boiler rooms, and certainly not to newsrooms filled with people who write for a living and know fluff when they read it.
That’s why I really liked the message Jeff Bezos sent to the staff of the Washington Post. Here it is, with my comments:
To the employees of The Washington Post:
You’ll have heard the news, and many of you will greet it with a degree of apprehension. When a single family owns a company for many decades, and when that family acts for all those decades in good faith, in a principled manner, in good times and in rough times, as stewards of important values – when that family has done such a good job – it is only natural to worry about change.
Bezos starts by acknowledging their shock and fear. He invokes the best of the past and connects it to their worry about the future.
So, let me start with something critical. The values of The Post do not need changing. The paper’s duty will remain to its readers and not to the private interests of its owners. We will continue to follow the truth wherever it leads, and we’ll work hard not to make mistakes. When we do, we will own up to them quickly and completely.
Values matter to journalists, so Bezos makes certain he is speaking their language. He uses language he’s no doubt heard his friend Don Graham use when talking about the role of journalism in a democracy.
I won’t be leading The Washington Post day-to-day. I am happily living in 'the other Washington' where I have a day job that I love. Besides that, The Post already has an excellent leadership team that knows much more about the news business than I do, and I’m extremely grateful to them for agreeing to stay on.
It’s now the third paragraph, and only now does he write about himself. He does so with humor and even here, he puts the focus back on the newsroom and its strengths.
There will of course be change at The Post over the coming years. That’s essential and would have happened with or without new ownership. The Internet is transforming almost every element of the news business: shortening news cycles, eroding long-reliable revenue sources, and enabling new kinds of competition, some of which bear little or no news-gathering costs. There is no map, and charting a path ahead will not be easy. We will need to invent, which means we will need to experiment. Our touchstone will be readers, understanding what they care about – government, local leaders, restaurant openings, scout troops, businesses, charities, governors, sports – and working backwards from there. I’m excited and optimistic about the opportunity for invention.
This is the “let’s get real” part of the memo. He acknowledges challenges without flinching, then makes a call to action. It’s forthright and gutsy – and human. He lays out a plan in the simplest terms and invites people to sign on.
Journalism plays a critical role in a free society, and The Washington Post -- as the hometown paper of the capital city of the United States -- is especially important. I would highlight two kinds of courage the Grahams have shown as owners that I hope to channel. The first is the courage to say wait, be sure, slow down, get another source. Real people and their reputations, livelihoods and families are at stake. The second is the courage to say follow the story, no matter the cost. While I hope no one ever threatens to put one of my body parts through a wringer, if they do, thanks to Mrs. Graham’s example, I’ll be ready.
This paragraph hits a home run. It’s got civics, history, values – and humor. It’s written like an insider in the building already.
I want to say one last thing that’s really not about the paper or this change in ownership. I have had the great pleasure of getting to know Don very well over the last ten plus years. I do not know a finer man.
And in the end, he pays tribute to a person whom he knows must be deeply, personally affected by this business move. After all, it’s not just business to Don Graham, any more than it is for the Post employees. Bezos is wise enough to know that in honoring Graham the leader, he also salutes his team.