This is a non-exhaustive list of useful links on fact-checking. It will be routinely updated – please share any resources you think I've left out in the comment section or on twitter @factchecknet.

Practical how-tos, sites on fact-checking news and noteworthy initiatives

Methodologies and How To's

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Funky formats for fact-checking

  • Full Fact’s “Finder” helps its readers do their own fact-checking
  • Promise tracking done well - ABC Fact Check
  • Superpowering a user’s experience of a speech by annotating it with fact-checks (see Barack Obama’s 2015 State of the Union annotated by PolitiFact)
  • Animated videos – fact-checking can be fun (see Libération’s Désintox and Pagella Politica’s Pollock)
  • ABC FactCheck’s tiles – all you need to know in one Facebook image
  • Chequeado’s coverage of the Argentinian Presidential debate (see also the making of their live coverage of the President's speech to Congress)
  • International fact-checking collaborations: #RefugeeCheck and the G20 fact-checkathon (see the Prezi and the article on the Washington Post)
  • Tips of "antiviral" social media design that will allow your fact-checks/debunking to have a greater reach, by Chris Blow for First Draft News

Sources of fact-checking news (besides the IFCN channel on Poynter, of course)

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Academic research on fact-checking, facts, spreading of lies

  • The Hardest Check, a literature review on the impact of fact-checking (Pomares, 2014)
  • When corrections fail – on the perils of the ‘backfire effect’ (Nyhan, Reifler 2006). Also read this paper on the "intricacies of setting people straight" (Schwartz et al 2007)
  • Comparative study on six fact-checking websites around the world (Graves, 2015 - summary here)
  • The effects of fact-checking threat: warning politicians they are going to be monitored reduces likelihood of lying (Nyhan, Reifler 2013)
  • Identifying and correcting policy misperceptions: even one correction changes people’s minds (Thorson, 2015)
  • Adjudication can correct factual beliefs, increase perceived news quality, satisfy perceived informational needs. However it reduces the belief that you can find truth in politics (Pingree, Brossard, McLeod 2014)
  • Format matters – be careful how you phrase a fact-check (Nyhan, Reifler 2012)
  • Regret the Error – a great book collecting and critiquing the types of mistakes the media makes and why even when they are funny they are a serious matter (Silverman, 2007)
  • “Lies, Damn Lies and Viral Content”. Report by the Tow Center on how and why news organizations share and contrast misinformation (Silverman, 2015)
  • unSpun: Finding Facts in a World of Disinformation, a book by the founders of FactCheck.org (Jackson, Jamieson Hall 2007)
  • On computational fact-checking check out a fascinating study using knowledge networks to automatize fact-checks (Ciampaglia et al, 2015) and Claimbuster by a team of researchers at Duke and UT Arlington (see the piece on Poynter)
  • The Fact-Checker’s Bible, by the former head of the fact-checking department at The New Yorker (Harrison Smith, 2004)
  • Fact-checking at The New Yorker, by Peter Canby, director of fact-checking at the magazine
  • Conference proceedings of “Fact-checking, fact-finding and avoiding mistakes” held by Spiegel in Hamburg march 2010
  • The Debunking Handbook by John Cook and Stephan Lewandowsky
  • API's latest fact-checking research.
  • A continuously updated list of fact-checking-related research from around the world, also by API
  • Why people fly from facts - and what we can do about it: research on the appeal of "untestable" beliefs
  • Paying people to respond correctly (or say "I don't know") results in a reduction in partisan bias on factual beliefs
  • A study on the Reddit channel /ChangeMyView found that users did change their views when confronted with contradictory evidence, 30% of the time