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Journalists struggle to balance reporting on Ebola with HIPAA

A medical staff member, right, watches as others in protective gear escort Nina Pham, left, from an ambulance to a nearby aircraft at Love Field, Thursday, Oct. 16, 2014, in Dallas. Pham, a nurse at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Dallas, was diagnosed with the Ebola virus after caring for Thomas Eric Duncan who died of the same virus. (AP Photo/Tony Gutierrez)

A medical staff member, right, watches as others in protective gear escort Nina Pham, left, from an ambulance to a nearby aircraft at Love Field, Thursday, Oct. 16, 2014, in Dallas. Pham, a nurse at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Dallas, was diagnosed with the Ebola virus after caring for Thomas Eric Duncan who died of the same virus. (AP Photo/Tony Gutierrez)

Journalists covering the Ebola story are struggling to find a balance between patients’ rights, the public’s need to know what is going on and the uncomfortable feeling that innocent people caught up in this story will be “marked” for life.

A little more than a week ago, Nina Pham was a nurse who was helping to care for a Liberian man who was dying from Ebola in a Dallas hospital. This week, she showed up on a YouTube video, lying in a hospital bed recovering from the virus herself. 

Carolyn Mungo, WFAA-Dallas News Director

Carolyn Mungo, WFAA-Dallas News Director

WFAA-TV News Director Carolyn Mungo, a frequent guest faculty member at Poynter, told me that she worries about the long-term effect being linked to the Ebola story will have on Pham and so many others.

“When health officials said that Thomas Duncan (the first Ebola patient to die in the United States) could have exposed several children who attend Dallas schools, the school system alerted parents at those schools. Parents wanted to know which classes the children attended,” Mungo said. “The school system cited privacy concerns and would not identify the classrooms. But the parents pointed out that when there is a lice outbreak, the schools send home notes naming classrooms. They wanted to know why this potentially more serious alert provided less information.”

That was just the beginning of the privacy concerns that would arise.

“The police released a name and a photo of a homeless man who Duncan might have come into contact with. They just wanted to talk with the man, but we had to decide how much we would spread the man’s name and picture. Eventually we chose to show his picture and not name him, then when police found him and talked with him and found out he was not sick, we quit using the photo,” she said, but Mungo agreed that the images probably do still exist online somewhere.

“Mr. Duncan’s family is quarantined right now and will be for a few more days. We know where they are but we have chosen not to report that,” Mungo said. “There has been a lot of pressure from the public for officials to say where the family was moved. Our concern is where can this family go to start over? They have been branded, they may be forever linked with this virus.”

Then there was the tough call about whether to name the deputy who stopped by a medical clinic saying he was feeling sick and that he had been inside Duncan’s apartment. The response was overwhelming.

“People showed up at the clinic in hazmat suits. One of our people noticed the license plates of the man’s car and we traced the plates. We realized that a few days before, we had interviewed him as he complained that he had been sent into the apartment without protective gear.” Mungo said, “Because he had talked with us on camera, complaining about not being protected, we made a decision to use his name and image. He chose to go public before and that became a big part of our decision.”

Journalism v. HIPAA 

A health story of national proportions like the Ebola story pits the role of journalism against HIPPA rules. HIPAA (American Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996) restricts patient information to doctors, direct caregivers, insurance companies and others expressly named in the Act.

A top medical ethicist says the law allows some leeway when a national health crisis is involved, but those loopholes do not apply to journalists.

Dr. Arthur Caplan

Dr. Arthur Caplan

“There is a clause about ‘contact tracing’ that lets public officials not directly involved in the patient’s care to get information,” said Dr. Art Caplan, head of the Division of Bioethics at New York University Langone Medical Center. “Even when an otherwise private health matter becomes a national concern, the medical community has to use some common sense about HIPAA. The public may need to know where the infected person went, who else may have been exposed.”

The Health and Human Services website gives similar advice, “the Rule permits covered entities to disclose protected health information without authorization for specified public health purposes.” In fact, HHS says, there are several HIPAA exemptions.

The Privacy Rule permits covered entities to disclose protected health information, without authorization, to public health authorities who are legally authorized to receive such reports for the purpose of preventing or controlling disease, injury, or disability. This would include, for example, the reporting of a disease or injury; reporting vital events, such as births or deaths; and conducting public health surveillance, investigations, or interventions. See 45 CFR 164.512(b)(1)(i). Also, covered entities may, at the direction of a public health authority, disclose protected health information to a foreign government agency that is acting in collaboration with a public health authority. Covered entities who are also a public health authority may use, as well as disclose, protected health information for these public health purposes.

When Thomas Duncan died from Ebola in Texas, the hospital where he was being treated pointed out that patients can “opt in” or “opt out” of allowing their information to be released to journalists or others who call the hospital asking about the patient’s condition. A patient can even restrict who knows if a person has been admitted at all. And even hospital employees who are not involved in a patient’s care cannot go pawing through a patient’s records. Two hospital employees in Nebraska were fired for looking through Dr. Rick Sacra’s records when he was being treated for Ebola.

MedPage Today interviewed Michelle De Mooy, deputy director for consumer privacy at the Washington-based Center for Democracy and Technology, who helped sort out what is an is not private in times of a national health concern:

So “when the hospital workers in Nebraska looked at the records of the doctor with Ebola, they still violated HIPAA, but when the ‘hospital’ officially announced the negative test results of a deputy sheriff in Dallas who was tested for Ebola, they did not,” she toldMedPage Today in an email. “My guess is their explanation for publicly announcing this would be to keep the community from panicking.”

HIPAA privacy rules would allow hospitals to release general information about a patient without releasing the person’s name, Caplan said.

“The public should know where the infected person traveled, who else could have been exposed, for example.”

Mungo said even when people on the periphery of the Ebola story volunteer to be named and interviewed, she urges them to be thoughtful about the long-term effect of being on TV.

“We heard from a man who was on the Frontier airline flight from Ohio to Dallas,” Mungo said. That was the flight that Ebola-infected nurse Amber Vinson flew on.

Two schools in Royse City, Texas closed Friday because the man’s kids went there,” Mungo said.

There is no proof the man or the children were exposed at all, but the schools closed to clean classrooms they attended and sent a systemwide alert out. Other school systems sent out alerts saying they too had children of parents on that flight. Three other Texas schools closed on Thursday.

“Every day we face these kinds of decisions,” Mungo said. “We want to report as much specific information as we can, but we worry a lot about what lasting damage will come to the people who get caught up in this story.” Read more

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Why AP isn’t moving stories for every suspected Ebola case

On Friday, the Associated Press posted an advisory to editors about suspected cases of Ebola, which they’re hearing of more and more.

“The AP has exercised caution in reporting these cases and will continue to do so,” the advisory reads.

Here’s the rest:

Most of these suspected cases turn out to be negative. Our bureaus monitor them, but we have not been moving stories or imagery simply because a doctor suspects Ebola and routine precautions are taken while the patient is tested. To report such a case, we look for a solid source saying Ebola is suspected and some sense the case has caused serious disruption or reaction. Are buildings being closed and substantial numbers of people being evacuated or isolated? Is a plane being diverted? Is the suspected case closely related to another, confirmed Ebola case?

When we do report a suspected case, we will seek to keep our stories brief and in perspective.

The AP issued similar guidance on October 3. My colleague Sam Kirkland wrote about it then.

Often the fact of an unconfirmed case isn’t worth a story at all. On several occasions already, in the U.S. and abroad, we have decided not to report suspected cases. We’ve just stayed in touch with authorities to monitor the situation.

Ebola is capitalized, just a reminder. You probably know how to pronounce it by now.


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While in Russia, two U.S. journalism teachers were hauled before a judge

Joe Bergantino, New England Center for Investigative Reporting

Joe Bergantino, New England Center for Investigative Reporting

Veteran Boston TV investigative reporter Joe Bergantino spent several hours in Russian police custody Thursday after authorities barged in on a journalism training session he and the Newsplex’s Randy Covington were leading in St. Petersburg, Russia. The two were teaching investigative reporting skills to 14 Russian TV, print and online reporters at the time.

Bergantino said in a phone interview that he and Covington had been contracted by the U.S. State Department to teach how to interview, report and think critically.

“We had finished teaching a workshop in Moscow and were just starting a second session in St. Petersburg, Russia when agents from the immigration service walked in,” Bergantino said from Paris. “We were taken to an adjacent room and surrounded by people asking us questions for about an hour.”

He said the officials demanded the two Americans write and sign a statement saying what they were doing in Russia. After writing the statement, the two returned to teaching for five minutes, only to be interrupted a second time. This time the agents shut the workshop down and hauled Bergantino and Covington away.

“This time they took us to an immigration service office and showed us a document that they wanted us to sign saying we were guilty of immigration law violations. We refused to sign it,” Bergantino said. “Then we were taken to a district court. The judge had already determined we were guilty. They initially provided an interpreter who was translating about one-tenth of what was going on.”

Bergantino and Covington were using “targeted tourism visas,” as they said the U.S. State Department told them to do. But the Russians said they needed business visas. “Randy has been to Russia before to train journalists and used the same visa we were using this time,” Bergantino told me.

“The judge told us we were guilty of violating immigration law and issued us a warning.”

As far as they know, Bergantino said, they weren’t fined and they weren’t officially deported.

“She told us we could take our scheduled flight home, but not knowing what might happen next, we took an earlier flight to Paris,” Bergantino said.

Russian journalists interview Bergantino (photo provided by Joe Bergantino)

Russian journalists interview Bergantino (photo provided by Joe Bergantino)

Bergantino is still unsure what was behind the disruption and intimidation.

“What we did hear last night is this is not from the immigration service, it is a higher level. Putin is trying to send a message if you make the Russian life difficult, we will make it difficult for you. They don’t want people from the journalists outside to come in and teach investigative reporting and stir up Russians journalists.”

Bergantino has partnered with Poynter and me on several occasions training investigative reporters as part of his work with the New England Center for Investigative Reporting, which he heads. Before that he had a long career with WBZ-TV, WPLG-TV and has appeared on many national broadcasts including Nightline, World News Tonight and Good Morning America.

The judge did tell the Americans they could return to Russia if they get the “proper” paperwork.

“I would go back, I love the people there,” Bergantino said. “But something tells me I am not going to get the visa they say I need.” Read more

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Cue the outcry — more big Twitter changes on the way

mediawiremorningFriday. Good morning (or good evening, if you’re reading this at night). Andrew Beaujon is back next week.

  1. Let’s freak out about Twitter changes: Sayeth Twitter: “in many cases, the best Tweets come from people you already know, or know of. But there are times when you might miss out on Tweets we think you’d enjoy.” Noooooooo! (Twitter) | Stuart Dredge weighs in: “The difference between the two social networks is that Facebook is taking stories out of its news feed – it prioritises around 300 a day out of a possible 1,500 for the average user – while Twitter is only adding tweets in. For now, at least.” (The Guardian) | Previously: I wrote about the Facebookification of Twitter and the Twitterfication of Facebook. (Poynter)
  2. More Twitter changes: Now with audio! “Notably, Twitter is teaming up with Apple to let users listen to certain tracks and buy the music directly from the iTunes store,” Yoree Koh reports. Twitter is also partnering with Soundcloud. (Wall Street Journal) | “Throughout your listening experience, you can dock the Audio Card and keep listening as you continue to browse inside the Twitter app,” product manager Richard Slatter writes in a blog post. (Twitter)
  3. The media kinda sucks at covering Ebola: Just look at how it covered #ClipboardMan, Arielle Duhaime-Ross writes. (The Verge)
  4. Liberian media really sucks at covering Ebola: The Daily Observer newspaper “has become a feeding ground of phony conspiracy,” Terrence McCoy reports. “The top three news stories on the website all allege medical professionals purposely infected the country with Ebola, ideas that have drawn the conspiratorial from across the planet.” The bad journalism is leading to a debate over press freedom in the country. (Washington Post) | From yesterday: The BBC is using WhatsApp to spread accurate information about the virus in Africa. (Journalism.co.uk)
  5. Correction of the week: Deadspin retracted its story claiming U.S. Rep. Cory Gardner didn’t actually play high school football, as he claimed, after the primary source changed his mind. “As serial collectors of media fuck-ups, we add this self-portrait to the gallery,” editor Tommy Craggs writes. (Deadspin) | Earlier, Craggs told Erik Wemple, “If you’re looking for someone to blame here, blame me for getting way too cocky about my site’s ability to prove a negative.” (Washington Post)
  6. Whisper vs. The Guardian: A damning report in The Guardian on Thursday claimed Whisper, “the social media app that promises users anonymity and claims to be ‘the safest place on the internet’, is tracking the location of its users, including some who have specifically asked not to be followed.” (The Guardian) | Whisper editor-in-chief Neetzan Zimmerman angrily denied the report, and wrote on Twitter that the piece “is lousy with falsehoods, and we will be debunking them all.” (Washington Post) | Here’s a good explainer from Carmel DeAmicis: “The two sides disagree over what constitutes ‘personally identifiable information,’ whether rough location data tied to a user’s previous activity could expose someone.” (Gigaom) | And here’s a take from Mathew Ingram, who says Whisper’s problem is that it “wants to be both an anonymous app and a news entity at the same time.” (Gigaom)
  7. American journalists detained in Russia: Joe Bergantino, co-founder of the New England Center for Investigative Reporting, and Randy Covington, a professor at the University of South Carolina, are in Russia to teach an investigative journalism workshop. They were found guilty of “violating the visa regime” and will return to the U.S. on Saturday as scheduled. “Russian authorities have used visa issues in the past as a pretext to bar the entry for certain individuals to the country,” Nataliya Vasilyeva reports. (AP via ABC News)
  8. Good times at High Times: Subscriptions and advertising pages are growing for “the magazine about all things marijuana” as it celebrates its 40th birthday. Dan Skye, High Times’ editorial director, tells Michael Sebastian, “I think the legalization has everything to do with the boom.” (Ad Age)
  9. Front page of the day, curated by Kristen Hare: The Daily News (see it at the Newseum).NY_DN
  10. No job moves today: Benjamin Mullin has the day off. But be sure to visit Poynter’s jobs site. Happy weekend!

Suggestions? Criticisms? Would you like this roundup sent to you each morning? Please email abeaujon@poynter.org. Read more

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‘Having trouble pooping?’ and other awful PR pitches

    We get public relations pitches pretty much all the time, right? Sometimes they’re random. Sometimes really pushy. Sometimes they lead to great stories. And sometimes they feel like they came from bots.

    Earlier this week, I asked for people’s best-worst PR pitches.

    Here’s what I heard:

    The title for that one, by the way, is “Final Advisory to Mankind Final Warning to All Human Beings.”

    On Facebook, Catharin Shepard with The News-Journal in Raeford, North Carolina, wrote this:

    Last week I received in the mail a roughly 100-page manifesto that, as far as I could tell, compared Scientology to the Third Reich and used information from various psychological institutes and authorities to make a case that it is not a real religion. However, it was difficult to tell for certain, because it was written in what I guessed was either German or Dutch. To put this in perspective, I’m a reporter for a small-town newspaper in rural North Carolina.

    And Jen Kopf, a home and garden writer for LancasterOnline in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, shared the best of the best-worst:

    “This week’s winner: ‘”Having trouble pooping?’”

    I spoke with Kopf via email, and she’s digging through her deleted files for that pitch. I’ll share more when I get it. You are now free to make bathroom jokes. And send more bad pitches if you got ‘em. I’ll keep adding.

    paper ball waste paper bin office business


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P-1989 Earthquake

Today in Media History: California’s 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake

On October 17, 1989, a powerful California earthquake struck the Bay Area at 5:04 p.m. The Loma Prieta earthquake, which measured 6.9 on the Richter scale, was the largest Bay Area/San Francisco earthquake since 1906.

The earthquake hit during a TV pregame show just before Game 3 of the 1989 World Series at Candlestick Park.

Screenshot from an NBC news report about the earthquake, October 17, 1989

Screenshot from an NBC news report about the earthquake, October 17, 1989

The San Jose Mercury News was awarded a Pulitzer Prize for general news reporting about the earthquake. The Oakland Tribune also earned a Pulitzer for its photographs of the quake’s devastation.

Here is an excerpt from a Mercury News story:

“The biggest earthquake since 1906 — 7 on the Richter scale and possibly higher — hit the Bay Area at 5:04 p.m. Tuesday, killing at least 76 people, injuring more than 460, setting off fires in San Francisco and sending buildings, highways and bridges crashing down on people and cars across the region.

The quake, centered in the Santa Cruz Mountains, lasted from 20 to 40 seconds and frightened millions from Ukiah to San Diego. It was as strong as the quake that ravaged much of Soviet Armenia in December.

….Between 40,000 and 50,000 baseball fans calmly evacuated Candlestick Park, about a half-hour before Game 3 of the World Series — even taking with them souvenir chunks of concrete that had fallen from the stadium. The series was delayed indefinitely while officials tried to assess the damage to Candlestick and the Oakland Coliseum.

As many as a million people from Hollister to San Francisco were without power in the hours after the quake and well into the night as Pacific Gas & Electric Co. crews scrambled to repair lines. Much of San Francisco remained enveloped in darkness at midnight.”

TV news reports about the earthquake from ABC, CBS, NBC and CNN:

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Thursday, Oct. 16, 2014

State senator to laid-off reporter: ‘So do YOU have any comments now?’

Cari Gervin was a reporter and literary editor at The (Knoxville, Tennessee) Metro Pulse before the entire staff of the alt-weekly was cut Wednesday.

The former staff of The Pulse has been overwhelmed with and love and support from the community, Gervin said. But one reaction wasn’t so positive.

On Thursday, Gervin posted an image of a Facebook message that appears to be from state Sen. Stacey Campfield that read: “So do YOU have any comments now ;)”

FaceBookMessage

The message from Campfield — whom The Pulse had a contentious relationship with — stood in stark contrast to reactions from the rest of the community, Gervin said.

Since the announcement, we have been overwhelmed with the amount of love and support we’ve received from the community, via social media, email, phone calls, and even a very large bar tab donated to us last night by a mix of friends and complete strangers. So to receive such a tacky, cruel Facebook message from Campfield this afternoon – especially since we have never communicated on Facebook and he had previously blocked me on the site – was especially distressing.

When reached by phone, Campfield declined to comment. Read more

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In Hong Kong, Apple Daily gets to deliver papers after days of blockades

Wall Street Journal | The Huffington Post | Committee to Protect Journalists

Readers in Hong Kong should get their copy of the pro-democracy newspaper Apple Daily on Friday.

For several days, “mobs have surrounded Apple Daily’s offices to intimidate staff and prevent distribution of the paper,” the Wall Street Journal wrote in an opinion piece on Tuesday.

Early Monday morning they blocked delivery trucks from exiting the complex by parking a tractor-trailer across the gate. Apple Daily staff eventually used a crane to load newspapers onto different trucks across a back wall, so newsstands got copies after a delay of about six hours.

This tweet, from the Journal’s Isabella Steger, says the papers made it out on Thursday night.

And from Bloomberg’s Fion Li:

On Monday, Apple Daily posted this image on its Facebook page, with an apology to readers who didn’t get their newspapers.

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On Wednesday, Matt Sheehan wrote for Huffington Post’s The World Post about blocked deliveries and the paper itself.

With one of the largest readerships in Hong Kong, Apple Daily is known for its defiant pro-democracy positions, shrill and sensational reporting style, and occasionally lax standards for fact-checking.

The paper is run by brash media mogul Jimmy Lai, a man who makes no secret of his deep loathing for the Chinese government. As a 12-year-old, Lai smuggled himself out of famine-stricken China in 1960 and into Hong Kong. There, he went on to build a clothing and media empire that he now deploys in a running grudge match with Beijing. His paper subsidizes pro-democracy advertisements and has in the past printed two-page spreads that can serve as anti-government banners at protests.

While some local journalists cringe at what they see as the paper’s affinity for gossip and sex scandals, they say it remains one of the few bulwarks against a creeping pro-Beijing influence in Hong Kong media.

Sheehan includes this video from Wednesday, with Apple Daily employees and anti-occupy protesters.

On Thursday, Bob Dietz wrote for the Committee to Protect Journalists about “Hong Kong’s media battlefield”, including how journalists have been treated. Dietz also writes that while the Apple Daily has been physically blocked, it has had to fight online, too.

Tuesday, spokesman Mark Simon told a reporter who has been working with CPJ, “More disturbing to us than the street protests is the continued denial of service attacks on our website. At times they bring down our website for up to an hour.”

Who is carrying out the attacks? “We always had a good firewall, which we have improved upon. That makes us think the attacks on us are of a governmental scale. Our audience tends to be local and across the border. We certainly believe attacks are coming from the entity that would most benefit from silencing Next Media [Apple's parent company]. That’s what we’ll say on the matter,” Simon said.

Here’s a Twitter list of journalists covering the protests in Hong Kong. Read more

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From Poynter, an innovator in residence, a scholarship for women leaders and more

The Poynter Institute announced three new initiatives on Thursday — innovator in residence, a scholarship for women in leadership and The Frank E. Duckwall Foundation Community Conversations @ Poynter.

According to the press release, the three programs support Poynter’s new direction by aiming “to build and share thought leadership with the community, to ignite innovation and to promote and advance women in journalism leadership and media innovation.” The three initiatives are funded through private funding. Two women were awarded the scholarship on Monday, October 13th — Amanda Wilkins, senior digital editor for the Dallas Morning News, and Sara Hebel, assistant managing editor for The Chronicle of Higher Education. Both women received the scholarships to attend Poynter’s Leadership Academy.

The Innovator in Residence program will “help bring a visionary, dynamic thought leader to advise Poynter faculty on how to best meet journalism’s need to be nimble, inclusive and dynamic in unprecedented ways in a continuously shifting media landscape,” according to the release. The position is expected to begin in January of 2015.

The Women in Leadership Scholarship “will provide women with the opportunity to advance their leadership roles and to grow the scope, influence and impact of women leaders in journalism and the media.”

And The Frank E. Duckwall Foundation Community Conversations @ Poynter, which gets support from the Frank E. Duckwall Foundation, will bring a series of public conversations to Poynter “as an interactive public dialogue that will bring a 21st century global thought leader to the community.” Read more

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Here are 34 great journalism internships and fellowships for application season

For journalism students, October through January is internship application season, a pressure cooker of equal parts excitement and anxiety.

It’s our profession’s draft day. By mid-march, most of your classmates will have declared their intention to work at a journalism organization, like a prized NFL recruit putting on their team’s hat in front of a live studio audience.

Don’t get left behind. Some of the applications for the most prestigious news organizations are due in a few weeks time, so work up the courage to request that letter of recommendation, update your résumé and figure out how stamps work.

To make the process a little easier, I’ve compiled a list of some of the best journalism internships I could find on the Web, many of which I applied for myself when I was in school. If you have questions about this list or know some great internships I’ve forgotten, tweet them to #POYinternlist or send me an email: bmullin@poynter.org.

The New York Times James Reston Reporting Fellowship
Deadline: Oct. 31
Location: New York City
Pay: $1,000 per week
Description: “Beginning with the second week, the Reston Fellows start work in a section that reflects their skills and area of interest to report and write stories under the guidance of editors or senior reporters. Some stories are assigned, but fellows are encouraged to come up with their own ideas. They also participate in workshops with ranking editors and reporters. The goal of the program is to provide an opportunity for the fellows to stretch their journalistic skills with the help of some of the best reporters and editors in the country.”

The Washington Post
Deadline: Nov. 7
Location: Washington, D.C.
Pay: $750 per week
Description: “Our interns write articles, edit copy, take photographs, design pages and produce graphics. We treat them as staff members during their 12 weeks of employment.”

The Boston Globe
Deadline: Nov. 1
Location: Boston
Pay: $700 per week
Description: “Summer interns work as full-time employees for 12 weeks, between Memorial Day and Labor Day. Interns are paid a weekly wage, and shifts vary. An intern supervisor serves as a writing coach and there are weekly meetings with editors and staff members on a range of issues and topics pertaining to journalism.”

Associated Press Global News Internship
Deadline: Not settled yet; likely the first week of January, per AP spokesman Paul Colford.
Location: Major cities throughout the world
Pay: Not listed
Description: “The summer 2014 Global News Internship is a paid, highly selective, 12-week individually tailored training program for students who are aspiring cross-format journalists. Interns must have experience and/or training in video and one other format. They will contribute to AP’s text, video, photo and interactive reporting.”

Reuters Global Journalism Internships
Deadline: Dec. 1
Location: Major cities throughout the world
Pay: Not listed
Description: “The Reuters Global Journalism Internships offer talented students and graduates an opportunity to learn and shine in our bureaus internationally. The paid internships are a crash course in hands-on business, political and general news reporting. Every intern will report to a senior editor and be assigned a journalist mentor to provide advice and guidance during the summer. They’re expected to write regularly and deliver in-depth stories during their assignment. Interns will receive several days of formal training before they start work, focused on writing skills, journalism ethics and basic financial knowledge. They may also be able to take advantage of other, regularly scheduled training opportunities during the summer, depending on where they’re based.”

Texas Tribune News Apps Internships
Deadline: Nov. 14
Location: Austin, Texas
Pay: Not listed
Description: “Are you a journalism student or would-be reporter in another major? Know a little bit about HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and/or Python/Django, and would like to continue to hone your skills? Are you passionate about politics, policy and open government? You should join us. You’ll work directly with news apps developers, reporters and editors in the newsroom. Interns are first-class citizens on our team – in the past, they’ve had the opportunity to not only contribute to high-profile projects but to take the lead on them. You’ll get to create data visualizations and maps, participate in an active and friendly newsroom, play a role in editorial meetings and contribute to a number of different beats. We’re looking for someone passionate about web standards and the little details. Someone willing to show their work. Someone looking to learn. If you’re interested, send your resume and links to previous projects and/or your GitHub account to rmurphy@texastribune.org.”

Reuters Journalism Program
Deadline: Dec. 15
Location: New York, London or Asia
Pay: Not listed
Description: “The Reuters Journalism Program offers nine months of hands-on, real-world experience with competitive pay in New York, London and Asia. You will gain a deep grounding in all aspects of financial reporting, work on fast-paced news stories and develop skills in enterprise journalism. The program seeks rising reporters, recent graduates or business professionals who can demonstrate a clear commitment to a career in journalism and an ability to generate story ideas relevant for a Reuters audience.”

The Los Angeles Times
Deadline: Jan. 1
Location: Los Angeles, Washington D.C.
Pay: $700 per week
Description: “Interested in working with some of the best journalists around? We offer 10 weeks of intensive, hands-on experience in a region where big stories are the norm. We place interns throughout the L.A. Times: Metro/Local, Sports, Business, Features (Home, Image, Travel, Food, Mind & Body), Arts & Entertainment, Editorial Pages, Washington, D.C., bureau, Photography/Video, Data Desk, Visualization & Graphics, Design and latimes.com. These are paid internships and summer placements usually run from mid-June to late August.”

The Tampa Bay Times
Deadline: Nov. 1
Location: St. Petersburg, Tampa, Clearwater, Port Richey and Brooksville
Pay: $450 per week
Description: “Florida’s largest and best newspaper, with 10 Pulitzer Prizes, is looking for energetic, talented young people for internships in all of its departments. Internships range from 12-week summer experiences to 6-month and 1-year jobs. You will be considered a full staff member and work alongside colleagues who will serve as mentors. Our internship programs are designed to give you hands-on experience to add to your academic credentials.

The South Florida Sun Sentinel
Deadline: Nov. 15
Location: Fort Lauderdale
Pay: $7.93 per hour
Description: “We offer seven paid internships throughout our digital-print newsroom. For 11 intensive weeks, from June to mid-August, you will report and write stories, shoot and edit video-photo, or design. We treat our interns as regular staffers, under the guidance of seasoned journalists. We offer internships in various newsroom departments: Metro-news, business, features, sports, video-photo, design, and our Spanish-language weekly, El Sentinel. We also offer weekly sessions with veteran journalists and senior editors on a wide range of topics, including career advice. It’s hard work and great fun.”

Google Journalism Fellowship
Deadline: Around the end of January
Location: Various journalism nonprofits throughout the United States
Pay: $8,000 for 10-weeks, plus $1,000 travel stipend
Description: “The program is aimed at undergraduate, graduate and journalism students interested in using technology to tell stories in new and dynamic ways. The Fellows will get the opportunity to spend the summer contributing to a variety of organizations — from those that are steeped in investigative journalism to those working for press freedom around the world and to those that are helping the industry figure out its future in the digital age.”
Disclaimer: I was a 2014 Google fellow.

Atlantic Media Fellowship Program
Deadline: End of February 2015
Location: Washington, D.C. and New York City
Pay: $25,000 per year, with full benefits
Description: “Atlantic Media offers high-achieving recent college graduates a unique opportunity to participate in the Atlantic Media Fellowship Program. The Program is a structured, year-long paid fellowship for top-tier talent committed to editorial-side or business-side careers in media. Each year we look forward to our new class of Fellows, who add a fresh perspective and new ideas to our company initiatives. As a digital-first company, we have experienced tremendous growth as a result of emphasis on digital initiatives, and our Fellows have been key contributors.”

The Seattle Times
Deadline: Nov. 15.
Location: Seattle
Pay: $540 per week
Description: “The Seattle Times offers paid summer internships to outstanding students pursuing a career in journalism. For 10 weeks, interns work on varied assignments and attend weekly training sessions with members of a Pulitzer Prize-winning staff. Interns receive a skill-development plan and work with a staff mentor to achieve it. Internships are open to sophomores, juniors, seniors and graduate students attending a four-year college or university. Applicants must have a demonstrated commitment to print and online journalism. At least one previous internship at a daily news organization is preferred, and multimedia experience is a plus.”

Austin American-Statesman
Deadline: Nov. 7
Location: Austin, Texas
Pay: $450 per week, plus free housing.
Description: “Our objective is to help interns grow with challenging assignments. In other words, you won’t spend your time writing police briefs, taking mug shots and running errands. Last summer, one intern finished with three dozen bylines, three-quarters of which were on the front page or the Metro cover.”

The Chicago Tribune
Deadline: Dec. 1
Location: Chicago
Pay: Not listed
Description: “The Chicago Tribune’s newsroom internship program seeks college juniors, seniors and graduate students for 12-week paid internships. Opportunities will be considered in all newsroom departments: metro, sports, business, graphics, copy editing, design, photo/video, entertainment, events, social media and lifestyle.”

The Dallas Morning News
Deadline: Oct. 31
Location: Dallas
Pay: $15 per hour
Description: “We offer several 12-week college internships for news reporting, copy editing, business news, features, sports, photography and our website, dallasnews.com. Interns are treated as full-time staffers and typically, at least one is hired for a full-time position at the conclusion of the internship.”

NPR’s Kroc Fellowship:
Deadline: Dec. 31
Location: NPR headquarters in Washington, D.C., and member station.
Pay:: $40,000 per year
Description: “The Fellowship is designed to offer exposure to various units at NPR, in both the News and Digital Divisions, and at an NPR Member Station. NPR Kroc Fellows work alongside some of the nation’s most respected reporters, producers and editors and receive regular instruction in writing for radio and on-air performance. The Fellowship begins in August and lasts one year. Fellows receive a stipend of more than $40,000 and benefits, including paid vacation. NPR will provide Kroc Fellows with professional guidance and assist in job placement.”

Pulliam Journalism Fellowship
Deadline: Nov. 1
Location: Indianapolis and Phoenix
Pay: $650 per week
Description: “You’ll be a member of our newsroom, work hard and gain valuable journalism experience. You get paid, too. Our Pulliam Fellows earn $650/week for the 10-week program. You’ll also get to participate in writing workshops and learn over lunch from some of the best minds in journalism.”

Minneapolis Star Tribune
Deadline: Nov. 1
Location: Minneapolis
Pay:: $706 per week
Description: “The Star Tribune newsroom offers one of the best summer internship programs available in our industry. We select at least 10 candidates for paid 10-week internships each summer. The program targets college and graduate students interested in pursuing careers as reporters, copy editors/multiplatform editors, designers, photographers and multimedia producers.”

Chronicle of Higher Education
Deadline: Jan. 5
Location: Washington, D.C.
Pay: $625 per week
Description: “The Chronicle’s internships aim to give current undergraduates and recent college graduates the opportunity to gain professional experience at the No. 1 source for news about higher education. Applicants must show a strong interest in pursuing a career in journalism with relevant coursework or prior experience. The internships are full time in our Washington, D.C., office. In addition to a $625 weekly stipend, academic credit can often be arranged.”

News 21 fellowship
Deadline:: Nov. 10
Location: Phoenix
Pay: $7,500 for 10 weeks (plus travel expenses)
Description: “During the summer, fellows work full time out of a digital newsroom at the Cronkite School for 10 weeks, typically beginning in mid to late May and ending in late July or early August. Fellows receive a $7,500 stipend plus travel expenses. The cost of housing is not covered, but the Cronkite School will make arrangements for university dormitory housing on ASU’s downtown Phoenix campus next to the Cronkite building.”

Wall Street Journal internship program
Deadline: Nov. 1
Location: Varies. Interns have worked in New York, Detroit and Atlanta.
Pay: $700
Description: “The Wall Street Journal is looking for interns to work in our bureaus throughout North America. Interns work closely with reporters and editors to deliver prompt, accurate reporting of news and features relevant to their beat. Applications are due by November 1 and must include a cover letter, resume and up to six published clips.”

The Miami Herald
Deadline: Oct. 31
Location: Miami
Pay: $520 per week
Description: “We offer internships in multimedia, programming and digital design. Limited slots also are available in news, business, features and sports reporting, photography/videography and copy editing. (All reporting internships presume multimedia work, by the way.) Internships last 10 weeks and pay $520 per week. Application deadline is Oct. 31 each year for slots to be filled the following year. Read more

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Interstate General Media to close Inquirer.com

Philadelphia Magazine

Inquirer.com and PhillyDailyNews.com, standalone websites for two newspapers owned by Interstate General Media, will soon close, Philadelphia Magazine reported Thursday.

According to a memo obtained by Philadelphia Magazine, the two sites, which feature content from The Philadelphia Inquirer and The Philadelphia Daily News, will be “folded into” one site, Philly.com:

What this means is that the standalone newspaper-branded sites will no longer exist and will instead redirect readers to Philly.com, where users will find Inquirer and Daily News journalism featured more prominently and have access to branded Inquirer and Daily News section fronts that represent the editorial voice and judgment of the newspapers.

The decision marks an end of an experiment began in April 2013, when both newspapers unveiled the subscription-based sites. The sites were designed to “reflect the papers’ personalities”

A few newspapers have released parallel free and subscription-based sites, including The San Francisco Chronicle (which maintains sfgate.com free of charge and sfchronicle.com for subscribers) and The Boston Globe (which offers boston.com for free and bostonglobe.com with a metered paywall system) Read more

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The New York Times might be snapping you soon

A Wednesday staff memo announcing the hire of New York Times deputy editor of audience development Justin Bank noted that he will be in charge of formulating “strategies for all existing and new social platforms (Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest but also new ones like Snapchat and WhatsApp).”

At least one Poynter follower wondered publicly whether that means The Gray Lady is jumping onto Snapchat.

The answer? Maybe, says Danielle Rhoades Ha, a spokesperson for The New York Times. Although The Times doesn’t currently have Snapchat or WhatsApp accounts, the paper “may experiment on those platforms.”

RELATED: Here’s how to use Snapchat (and how not to use Snapchat)

If The Times starts snapping its readers, it won’t be the first news organization to do so. The Washington Post, NPR and NowThisNews have all used the ephemeral messaging app to engage with their audiences. In August, BuzzFeed announced a new division that would use social platforms, including Snapchat, to propagate its content. Read more

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Time magazine announces 3 hires, 7 promotions

Time magazine editor Nancy Gibbs and managing editor Edward Felsenthal announced a slew of hires and promotions in a memo to staff Thursday (full memo below):

  • Bryan Walsh is now the magazine’s foreign editor. Previously, he was Tokyo Bureau Chief and Hong Kong correspondent.
  • Nikhil Kumar is now South Asia bureau chief for Time magazine. Previously, she was a senior editor there.
  • Aryn Baker is now Africa bureau chief for the magazine. Previously, she was Middle East bureau chief.
  • Eliana Dockterman is now a writer at Time magazine. Previously, she was a reporter there.
  • Sam Frizell is now a writer at Time magazine. Previously, he was a reporter there.
  • Noah Rayman has also been promoted to writer at Time magazine. He was a breaking news reporter there.
  • Alexandra Sifferlin is now a writer for Time magazine. Previously, she was a reporter there.
  • Conal Urquhart is now a senior editor at Time magazine. Previously, she was deputy foreign editor for The Independent.
  • Claire Howorth is now books editor at Time magazine. Previously, she had been arts editor at The Daily Beast.
  • Ryan Teague Beckwith is now a senior editor in Time’s Washington bureau. Previously, he was news editor for the Washington Examiner.
  • TO: TIME Edit Staff
    FROM: Nancy Gibbs and Edward Felsenthal

    TIME’s expansion continues, of our audience, our content and our staff. September, a month of intense international news, saw a record 50 million uniques on Time.com. The global power and reach of our brand—with more than 30% of our online readers living outside the U.S. and targeted print editions targeted in Europe, Asia, the Middle East and Africa—was on full display, from Aryn Baker’s extraordinary Ebola coverage from Liberia to Hong Kong, where protesters held up our Asia edition covers and even printed and posted the homepage of Time.com.

    Today, we are pleased to announce three new hires and seven promotions that reflect the continued growth of our International, politics and books coverage as well as our global breaking news operation.

    Bryan Walsh is promoted to Foreign Editor, responsible for TIME’s coverage of world events in our U.S edition. Working with Europe Editor Matt McAllester and Asia Editor Zoher Abdoolcarim, Bryan brings formidable experience to helping explain the world to our readers. A former Tokyo Bureau Chief and Hong Kong correspondent, Bryan is also one of TIME’s most prolific writers on science, energy and the environment, including recent cover stories on the threat posed by invasive species, a World without Bees, and the new science of fat (“Eat Butter.”) Over the years his reporting has taken him to every corner of the world, to Belize to report on vanishing coral reefs, Greenland on the melting tundra, Madagascar on endangered species, plus Cameroon, Ecuador, Bali, Abu Dhabi and Sakhalin Island. A Princeton grad, Bryan was awarded a Knight Public Health Journalism Fellowship. Bryan, Matt and Zoher will all be reporting to Michael Duffy.

    Nikhil Kumar is promoted to South Asia Bureau chief, based in New Delhi. Since joining TIME in January, Nikhil has served as a senior editor in New York, running the World spread and editing magazine and online stories. He has an encyclopedic knowledge of Indian politics and history, and foreign affairs more broadly—from the inner workings of the British parliamentary system, to South American economics, to, yes, cricket. He was previously the New York correspondent for The Independent, where his coverage included Wall Street and the Sandy Hook shootings. Before that, he worked as a report and editor at the newspaper’s London HQ. Nikhil studied philosophy and law in London.

    Aryn Baker leaves her post as Middle East Bureau Chief based in Beirut to become Africa Bureau Chief based in Cape Town. Aryn has hit the ground running with her remarkable coverage of the Ebola crisis in Liberia, writing a cover story within the first month her new assignment and providing TIME.com readers with powerful accounts of Liberians engaged with the fight against the outbreak. Aryn’s courage in reporting under very difficult circumstances in Liberia has come as no surprise given her long experience covering turmoil the Middle East, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Previously Aryn was an associate editor based in Hong Kong – and a pastry chef in Paris.

    We are also delighted to promote four members of our global breaking news team, reflecting the quality and depth of reporting of their work in print and online over the past year.

    Eliana Dockterman is promoted to Writer. Eliana’s coverage has ranged from coverage of sexual assault on campus, including a powerful video on the subject, to entertainment and sports. A prolific reporter, she graduated from Yale and first joined TIME as an intern in the summer of 2012.

    Sam Frizell is also promoted to Writer. Joining TIME in January from the trade publication American Metal Market, he has become a key driver of our business coverage, delivering features on topics from the remaking of the American mall to cybersecurity. Sam is a graduate of Bowdoin.

    Noah Rayman, the very first member of our breaking news team, is promoted to Writer as well. A Harvard graduate, he joined TIME in the summer of 2013 and has become an essential contributor to our World coverage online and in print.

    Alexandra Sifferlin is promoted to Writer. Focusing on health, she has provided significant coverage on the spread of Ebola including a series of scoops from Emory Hospital, the first to treat the disease in the U.S. during the current outbreak. A graduate of Northwestern, she joined TIME as an intern in January 2012.

    Meanwhile we are excited to announce these new members of our editorial team:

    Conal Urquhart joins TIME as Senior Editor based in London, adding a vital new hub to our New York and Hong Kong-based breaking news operations and helping Matt McAllester coordinate coverage of the Middle East, Europe, Africa and Russia. Conal comes to us from The Independent, where he was deputy foreign editor. Previously, Conal was a reporter for the Scotsman, foreign editor of Scotland on Sunday and a freelance Middle East correspondent for the Guardian, the Economist and other outlets. He has also worked for the United Nations in Jerusalem and Gaza. He starts Monday.

    Claire Howorth joins us as Books Editor of TIME. She will also work with Ryan Sager and Joyce Tang on our fast-growing Ideas vertical. A veteran of The Daily Beast, The Daily and Vanity Fair, Claire has distinguished herself with a fine eye and ear for what people are (or should be) reading and what they’ll want to talk about next. Already she has demonstrated the power of smart books coverage to enliven coverage across digital and print. She has recruited authors for Time Ideas, secured attention-grabbing excerpts (including Leon Panetta’s memoir), and expanded our books coverage in culture. A graduate of the University of Colorado, Claire hails originally from Oxford, Mississippi.

    Ryan Teague Beckwith joins TIME as a senior editor in the Washington bureau. Reporting to Michael Scherer, Ryan will oversee day-to-day politics coverage on Time.com. He most recently worked as news editor for the Washington Examiner. Previously, he managed Washington coverage for Digital First Media’s Project Thunderdome, worked as an editor at CQ Roll Call and led online political coverage for the Raleigh (N.C.) News & Observer. An adjunct faculty member at Georgetown University’s graduate journalism program, he has also taught at UNC-Chapel Hill and N.C. State University. He is a 2002 graduate of the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism.

    Please join us in congratulating Bryan, Nikhil, Aryn, Eliana, Sam, Alexandra and Noah, and welcoming Conal, Claire and Ryan.

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Michael Crowley leaves Time for Politico

Michael Crowley, chief foreign affairs correspondent for Time, is leaving for Politico. The Washington Post’s Erik Wemple tweeted the news on Thursday.

Politico Press also tweeted the news on Thursday.

And from Crowley:

Here are some of Crowley’s pieces for Time. Read more

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There’s ‘Bad News About The News’ (but also a little good news)

When The Brookings Institution asked Robert Kaiser to write an essay about the state of journalism, they asked that the last section include some solutions.

“And I had to tell them when I was finished that there would be no such section,” said Kaiser, who worked for more than 50 years at The Washington Post and retired in February. Kaiser is also the author of several books, including “The News About The News.” His essay for Brookings, which came out Thursday, is entitled “The Bad News About the News.”

In several chapters he looks both back and ahead at American journalism.

“I have to say that that process made me less optimistic than I had been before it began,” Kaiser said in a phone interview.

It’s misleading, Kaiser said, to look at all the great journalists and platforms and what they’re producing online and think journalism is in good shape. There’s still no real business model.

From his essay:

Despite two decades of trying, no one has found a way to make traditional news-gathering sufficiently profitable to assure its future survival. Serious readers of America’s most substantial news media may find this description at odds with their daily experience. After all, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, and The Washington Post still provide rich offerings of good journalism every morning, and they have been joined by numerous online providers of both opinion and news—even of classic investigative reporting. Digital publications employ thousands of reporters and editors in new and sometimes promising journalistic enterprises. Is this a disaster?

Of course not—yet. But today’s situation is probably misleading. The laws of economics cannot be ignored or repealed. Nor can the actuarial tables. Only about a third of Americans under 35 look at a newspaper even once a week, and the percentage declines every year. A large portion of today’s readers of the few remaining good newspapers are much closer to the grave than to high school. Today’s young people skitter around the Internet like ice skaters, exercising their short attention spans by looking for fun and, occasionally, seeking out serious information. Audience taste seems to be changing, with the result that among young people particularly there is a declining appetite for the sort of information packages the great newspapers provided, which included national, foreign and local news, business news, cultural news and criticism, editorials and opinion columns, sports and obituaries, lifestyle features, and science news.

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“I believe that the crucial factor in the future of journalism of the kind that democracy depends on is the survival of a small but vibrant group of really first class institutions that have shared values and traditions and the capacity to train and cultivate the next generation capable of doing this work,” Kaiser said.

The kind of investigative journalism that comes out of the Post, the Times and the Journal is hard work, he said. “It’s not something any old blogger can walk through the door and do.”

Long term, what happens if a new business model isn’t found and those papers fold?

“My pessimism is dependent, I should confess freely, on my theory that if we don’t have a New York Times, Washington Post or Wall Street Journal, we’re a much lesser place than we were with them.”

Now for the good news. Kaiser does see a few things that are working. The first is the ProPublica model.

“They’re a fourth pillar in that universe with the other three,” he said. “However, it depends on the will of people to pay for it as an act of charity.”

And that, he said, isn’t really a business model.

The other comes from Post owner Jeff Bezos, and Kaiser calls it the angel investor solution. For someone with Bezos’ money, owning the Post probably costs him the equivalent of lunch money.

The problem is, Kaiser said, Bezos is competitive.

“He won’t like idea that The Washington Post lives because he props it up. He would much prefer, I’m sure, to invent the new business model and, God willing, he’ll do that.”

Kaiser is also encouraged by sites such as Vox, The Upshot from the Times and Wonkblog from the Post.

“That’s good because policy is traditionally short changed in American journalism.”

There are also local sites, including Voice of San Diego, that provide a service to their communities.

“It’s entirely plausible to me that my doomsday scenario is accurate but won’t be seen to be happening for some number of years,” Kaiser said. “That’s possible. It’s also possible it could happen much faster.”

Correction: An earlier version of this story used the word invest instead of invent in a quote. Read more

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