Just days after receiving praise for using Twitter to break news about his own company, NPR’s David Folkenflik tweeted an explanation of media mistakes made when erroneous reports aired that U.S. Rep. Gabrielle Giffords had died after being shot in the head Saturday at a Tucson, Arizona shopping center during a public event.
Folkenflik seconded a tweet by New York Times media writer David Carr, who said, “Shock at media errors on fast-moving chaotic stories sorta shocks me. early going always going to be fraught.” Then, Folkenflik elaborated in a series of tweets:
“This is a terrible day, compounded for Giffords’ family, friends, constituents & colleagues by initial & errant reports of her death. (more)”
“That said, if bullet goes entirely through someone’s head, not hard to believe eyewitnesses might be convinced she was dead & say so (more).”
“It’s ahistorical to think initial reports in earlier incidents were uniformly accurate, tho journos should be accountable @gregmitch @carr2n”
“@GregMitch I’m saying it’s regrettable & damaging, but also regrettably predictable. I’m not being apologist; I’m describing how it works.”
“News orgs should be aggressive in reporting; conservative in printing/broadcasting/posting; transparent about how they get what they get.”
“But to say sources – even seemingly authoritative sources – can’t themselves get things wrong in the heat of moment ignores reality.”
“One key obviously to separate speculation from fact – and minimize the former as much as possible.”
Earlier in the day, Folkenflik, NPR’s media correspondent, first tweeted NPR’s report that Giffords had died, then acknowledged, “CNN, NPR … backing off reports of her death. Initial reports from shootings & similar events are often conflicting or wrong.”
NPR spokesperson Anna Christopher explained the mistake to Politico. “At two o’clock, we had two sources [saying] that the congresswoman died, the Pima County Sheriff’s office and a congressman’s office, and we went with those in good faith,” she said.
NPR News Executive Editor Dick Meyer elaborated in an editor’s note on Sunday.
“The information we reported came from two different governmental sources, including a source in the Pima County Sheriff’s Department. Nonetheless, in a situation so chaotic and changing so swiftly, we should have been more cautious. There were, obviously, conflicting reports from authorities and other sources. The error we made was unintentional, an error of judgment in a fast-breaking situation. It was corrected immediately. But we deeply regret the error.”
As Mediaite’s Rachel Sklar tweeted throughout Saturday, other news organizations followed NPR’s lead. Sklar noted when CNN, The New York Times and other news organizations were correct and incorrect about Giffords and the shooting.
” ‘There are, and I stress, conflicting reports’ about whether Congresswoman Giffords has died – CNN. NYT has not yet reported death.”
“NYT story says she was shot and killed. NYT homepage says ‘still unclear.’ Screengrab attached. http://plixi.com/p/68700297”
“Just re-checked NYT story; now updated to remove the claim that Congresswoman Giffords was killed. FYI. http://plixi.com/p/68701106”
“To anyone following: I’m attributing all sources; this is an unconfirmed story breaking in real time; caveat: news is in flux. Unfolding.”
Craig Silverman used Storify to track the tweets and capture the errors, including those from Reuters. He also highlighted a comment by Tucson Mayor Bob Walkup, who cautioned the media to be careful.
The Associated Press’ Paul Colford noted on Twitter that the AP did not report Giffords had died:
As of Sunday afternoon, Giffords was reported to be responsive, but still in critical condition. U.S. District Court Judge John Roll died in the shooting, as did Giffords’ staff member Gabe Zimmerman, 9-year-old Christina-Taylor Green and three others.