Today’s annual report on the State of the News Media shows that new technologies really are pressing journalists to do much more with much less.
But The Project For Excellence in Journalism’s report shows us that the needs and demands of the audience are growing and fragmenting.
Social media is an important source of news, the report says, but remains smaller and only “supplemental” to other discovery methods like directly visiting a news website, searching the Web or browsing an aggregator.
People who own smartphones or tablets are using them heavily to consume news, but they also continue to frequently use a laptop or desktop computer to get news.
“Consumers are drawn to newer forms [of news consumption] and may even make them their primary mode,” the report says, “but they are not abandoning older forms altogether. Instead their news experience widens and deepens.”
The State of the News Media report relies heavily on a new survey of how U.S. adults are using social media and mobile devices to get news.
Here are some of the notable statistics about social and mobile journalism from the survey:
Most Americans now get news on a digital device. The desktop or laptop computer still leads the way, with 70 percent getting news there. But tablets and smartphones are spreading and 23 percent get news on at least two types of devices.
Only 9 percent of all U.S. adults get news “very often” from social media. We know social networking websites and mobile apps are popular and widely used, but perhaps not so much for news.
If you narrow the scope to people who get some form of digital news, 52 percent use social media for news at least sometimes.
Of course, social media’s value can’t be measured only by the size of its audience. Social media can infuse journalism with meaningful engagement, discussion and collaboration that benefits all readers in all media. Social media also currently drives about 9 percent of traffic to news sites.
Other discovery methods are spread evenly. 36 percent of U.S. adults get news “very often” directly from a news organization’s website or app, 32 percent via search and 29 percent through an aggregating website or app.
Facebook is a larger news source than Twitter, and includes most of the Twitter audience. Overall, 7 percent of people get news from Facebook very often, while 3 percent do so from Twitter. Lower the standard to “somewhat often,” and Facebook gets an additional 19 percent while Twitter gets another 4 percent.
Meanwhile, “fully 82% of those who ever get some news via Twitter recommendations also get some news via Facebook recommendations.”
Facebook and Twitter users get news through different filters, though. “Facebook users follow news links shared by family and friends; Twitter users follow links from a range of sources,” the report summarizes.
Perhaps related, social media users perceive the content they get from Twitter to be more often unique than what they discover through Facebook:
Overall, this picture of news consumption paints a swath of priorities for news organizations. They must simultaneously maintain an excellent website, optimize for search, solicit beneficial aggregation, engage social networks, build smartphone apps and design tablet Web apps. No audience on one platform is small enough to ignore, and none is big enough to override the others.
Join PEJ Director (and Poynter National Advisory Board Member) Tom Rosenstiel for a webinar on the State of the Media, Wednesday, March 28 at 2 p.m. ET to learn more about what changing audience habits mean for journalists.