Articles about "New media history"


Mosaic was the Web’s first killer app, said 1993 NYT story

The New York Times
Eighteen years ago this month The New York Times introduced its readers to the Web, and its first killer app, the Mosaic browser.

The newspaper didn’t have an online site yet, but you could find
John Markoff’s story on page D1:

Think of it as a map to the buried treasures of the Information Age.

A new software program available free to companies and individuals is helping even novice computer users find their way around the global Internet, the network of networks that is rich in information but can be baffling to navigate.

….Mosaic’s many passionate proponents hail it as the first “killer app” of network computing — an applications program so different and so obviously useful that it can create a new industry from scratch.

The Mosaic Web browser (Courtesy: National Center for Supercomputing Applications)

….Before Mosaic, finding information on computer data bases scattered around the world required knowing — and accurately typing — arcane addresses and commands like “Telnet 192.100.81.100.” Mosaic lets computer users simply click a mouse on words or images on their computer screens to summon text, sound and images from many of the hundreds of data bases on the Internet that have been configured to work with Mosaic.

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MIT researchers aim to create ‘nutritional label for your news diet’

Mediashift Idea Lab
Researchers at MIT’s Center for Civic Media aim to create a “nutritional label for your news diet” so people can see what they’re consuming. This is not the first time news consumption has been compared to eating habits (empty calories, binging, snacking). Matt Stempeck writes that previous research along these lines has been based on human analysis; the researchers plan to approach the challenge programmatically. They’ll start with Harvard’s Media Cloud, which collects thousands of news stories and blog posts for media analysis. “We’re going to attempt to automate classification of the topics of individual stories, and then analyze the aggregate. This will give us a sense of how many stories are published about each topic, as well as their frequency and where they appear.” Eventually, the researchers hope to create personalized, real-time indexes that can be applied to all kinds of news sources. Read more

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Flashback to 2005: HuffPost, YouTube launched; Podcasts proliferate; ‘Print Needs Its Own iPod’

New York Times
Six years ago today, on October 10, 2005, New York Times columnist David Carr wrote a story called, “Forget Blogs, Print Needs Its Own iPod.” It is a fascinating reminder of how much media and technology have changed since.

His piece made me wonder about other 2005 stories and statistics from the pre-iPad world. Here are a few.

February 15, 2005
YouTube is founded with the first video posted in April.

May 2005
The Huffington Post is launched.
Related: “Dazzle, Yes. But Can They Blog?” By Howard Kurtz, Washington Post, May 9, 2005

May 2005
Google introduced a new AdSense program that invited bloggers to share revenue from targeted Web page ads.

June 28, 2005
Google Earth is launched.

July 7, 2005
Passengers used their cell phones to photograph the chaos and damage when terrorists bombed the London underground subway. Traditional media soon shared these images with the world. Read more

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What was Rupert Murdoch thinking when he bought Myspace?

BBC | ASNE Speech
Shortly before he bought MySpace in 2005, Rupert Murdoch shared his thoughts on the digital age in a speech to the American Society of Newspaper Editors.

At the time, the BBC reported on News Corporation’s purchase of
MySpace. They also offered an analysis of Murdoch’s speech and his
company’s past attempts with online technology. Jeremy Scott-Joynt wrote:

“Just three months ago, news magnate Rupert Murdoch made an unusual admission.

He had realised, he told a high-powered audience at the American Society of Newspaper Editors in Washington DC, that he had got something rather important rather wrong.

News Corporation, the global media group he controls, had failed properly to engage with the online world – and risked losing its hard-won position in news as a result.

As a ‘digital immigrant’ – as he described himself – he acknowledged he found it difficult to visualise how News Corp should change its ways.

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1982 New York Times story predicts the future of technology, Facebook

New York Times

Here is a look at the future from 29 years ago today.

In a June 14, 1982 story called, “Study Says Technology Could
Transform Society”
the New York Times described a report from the
National Science Foundation:

A report commissioned by the National Science Foundation and made public today speculates that by the end of this century electronic information technology will have transformed American home, business, manufacturing, school, family and political life.

The report suggests that one-way and two-way home information systems, called teletext and videotex, will penetrate deeply into daily life, with an effect on society as profound as those of the automobile and commercial television earlier in this century.

It conjured a vision, at once appealing and threatening, of a style of life defined and controlled by videotex terminals throughout the house.

In his New York Times story, Robert Reinhold went on to present other findings from the report:

Privacy and control

The report warned that the new technology would raise difficult issues of privacy and control that will have to be addressed soon to ‘maximize its benefits and minimize its threats to society.’

Emerging online industry

The study focused on the emerging videotex industry, formed by the marriage of two older technologies, communications and computing.

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Looking back at news homepage history

10,000 Words | Vimeo

In his post, “Nostalgia: 11 Retro News Website Homepages,” Ethan
Klapper takes us back in time with old news website homepages.

He writes:

Inspired by a recent Facebook album posted by Jim Brady, the former
washingtonpost.com executive editor and TBD general manager, here are
a couple of old homepages from news sites we know well. Any notable
omission is due to the Wayback Machine not being able to crawl the
site.
(Click here for the homepages.)

Vostok design studio has also posted some homepages with
their video, “15 years of NYTimes.com.”

And finally, here are a few early homepages we found while
compiling our New Media Timeline project.

Mercury Center on AOL, 1994

Time Magazine on AOL, 1994

U.S. News on AOL, 1994

Access Atlanta on Prodigy, 1994

San Francisco Examiner on Compuserve, 1981
(The first online newspapers were text only and didn’t have homepages as we know them today. Read more

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Lessons from Usenet, the “Facebook of the ’80s”

Harvard Business Review Blog Network

There are lessons to be learned from Usenet, the “Facebook of the ’80s.”

Alexandra Samuel writes:

..if you look at the longer history of the social Web, it’s clear that
some principles have been around for a long time. And nothing brings
those principles into focus like a look at the social Web’s first big
controversy, all the way back in 1987: The Great Renaming.

“The Great Renaming” refers to a major shift in the structure of usenet provider, the massive distributed discussion board system; the Facebook of the ’80s.

She goes on to say that the social Web’s three core principles, that it should be “free, open and participatory,” have been around since the Usenet’s struggle with growth and reorganization in the 1980s. And that the principles of “free, open and participatory” have historically been a driving force on the Internet and the social Web’s equivalent to “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.” Read more

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Remembering Apple’s 1984 Super Bowl Commercial

In his Adweek story, “‘1984′: As Good as It Gets,” Steve Hayden writes about the iconic TV commercial that introduced the Mac:

I was privileged to work on what’s been called the best TV commercial ever, Apple Computer’s “1984,” which launched the Macintosh personal computer. It ran only once on the Super Bowl (in 1984, of course), but established that venue as the platform for big, new branding campaigns from all sorts of advertisers — beer, cars, soft drinks, dot-coms, you name it.

The brief for “1984” was simple: Steve Jobs said, “I want to stop the world in its tracks.”

The ad featured Orwellian images from the book 1984 and was directed by Blade Runner director Ridley Scott. It ended with the voice-over: “On January 24th, Apple Computer will introduce the Macintosh. And you’ll see why 1984 won’t be like 1984.”

(Here is a trivia question for you: What were the other computer commercials during the Super Bowl game? Read more

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Describing social media history with infographics

Mashable | OnlineSchools.org | Skloog Infographic

This must be the season for social media history infographics. Here are two that have appeared recently.

First, Mashable’s Jolie O’Dell shares a history infographic from OnlineSchools.org.

She writes:

Here’s a visually organized look at the past 30 years or so of social
media history, from Usenet to AIM to Friendster and beyond. This
particular infographic comes with some fun facts; for example, did you
know that the first version of MySpace was coded in just 10 days?

The History of Social Networking

And at the end of last year Skloog infographics posted a chart that traced social media and networks back to 550 BC.

History of Social Media

(Click for larger image)

It is great to see these two projects describe the history of social media and online communication in such creative ways. Read more

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New book describes the rise and fall of information empires

New York Times | Salon | On the Media

Tim Wu’s new book, “The Master Switch: The Rise and Fall of
Information Empires,” looks to the past to imagine the Internet’s future.

On the Media notes that Wu “discovered that in the last 150 years, the
telegraph, telephone, movies, radio and television each followed a
distinct cycle. And that cycle…predicts that the openness of the
Internet will soon be no more.”

In his review of the book, the New York Times’ David Leonhardt says
that “AT&T is the star of Wu’s book, an intellectually ambitious
history of modern communications. The organizing principle — only
rarely overdrawn — is what Wu, a professor at Columbia Law School,
calls ‘the cycle.’ ‘History shows a typical progression of information
technologies,’ he writes, ‘from somebody’s hobby to somebody’s
industry; from jury-rigged contraption to slick production marvel;
from a freely accessible channel to one strictly controlled by a
single corporation or cartel — from open to closed system.’
Eventually, entrepreneurs or regulators smash apart the closed system,
and the cycle begins anew.”

Laura Miller, in her Salon column about “The Master Switch,” adds that
“Wu, a prominent champion of net neutrality, proposes what he calls ‘a
Separation Principle for the information economy.’ He wants to see
‘those who develop information, those who own the network
infrastructure on which it travels, and those who control the tools or
venues of access…kept apart from one another.’ He also wants the
government to ‘keep its distance and not intervene in the market to
favor any technology, network monopoly, or integration of the major
functions of an information industry.’”

At the end of his On the Media interview, Wu tells Brook Gladstone
that “Americans have contradictory impulses in this area. Read more

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