New Media Timeline (1994)

TECHNOLOGY

  • February 1994 – Yahoo is started as a personal list of sites by David Filo and Jerry Yang, Ph.D. candidates in electrical engineering at Stanford. Yahoo stands for “Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle.”
  • April 4, 1994 — The Netscape Communications Corporation is founded by Marc Andreessen and Jim Clark.
  • The Magic Box: Time Warner is testing its futuristic vision of services that will be available from the TV. But how much interaction do Americans really want?”
    The New Yorker, April 11, 1994.
  • The JPEG standard is officially approved. (JPEG images will play an important part in the future use of digital photographs and graphics on the Web.)
  • Although professional photographers began experimenting with digital photography in 1979, the Associated Press and Kodak introduce the NC2000, the first digital camera specifically designed for photojournalists, in 1994. Early digital cameras were very expensive. It would be a number of years before they became popular with the general public. (See also: “A Bird’s View of History: The Digital Camera and the Ever-Changing Landscape of Photojournalism.” The Digital Journalist, Feb. 2006.)
  • Sept. 12, 1994 — Netscape releases the beta version of its Navigator Web browser. (See also: “A Sad Milestone: AOL To Discontinue Netscape Browser Development.” Michael Arrington, TechCrunch, Dec. 28, 2007.)
  • Oct. 1994 — The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is created to develop common protocols for the Internet.
  • Oct. 21, 1994 — The official White House Website is launched. (See also: “Archived Image of Website” and the article, “Clinton White House Web Site” from About.com)
  • According to the Times Mirror Center, nearly one in three U.S. households contains a personal computer, and approximately 23 million adults use a home computer every day. A majority of employed people use a computer at the workplace. (The Times Mirror Center will later change its name to the Pew Research Center.)
  • Sony introduces its PlayStation video game console.
  • The (Second Phase of the) Revolution Has Begun: Don’t look now, but Prodigy, AOL, and CompuServe are all suddenly obsolete – and Mosaic is well on its way to becoming the world’s standard interface.” Wired, Oct. 1994.

THE MEDIA

Statistics
  • According to The Media in Cyberspace IIsurvey, the following online services are used by reporters in 1994:
  • The America Online dial-up service has 1,000,000 subscribers.
    (Source: AOL)

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