Fact-Checking Research Database

We collect (and briefly explain) major studies on fact-checking, fake news and misinformation

Research Study

Debunking isn't very effective in conspiracy theory echo chambers

Fabiana Zollo, Alessandro Bessi, Michela Del Vicario, Antonio Scala, Guido Caldarelli, Louis Shekhtman, Shlomo Havlin, Walter Quattrociocchi
Our Summary

Debunking in a World of Tribes

This study examined how effective online debunking is by employing a quantitative analysis of 54 million U.S. Facebook users over a five year period. Researchers compared how users interacted with proven and unsubstantiated Facebook posts and found consumers of conspiracy theories and fact-based reporting mostly engaged in separate echo chambers. The study found that debunking posts were largely ineffective due to the fact that consumers of conspiracy theories didn't frequently interact with them, and when they did, they reacted negatively.

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