Fact-Checking Research Database

We collect (and briefly explain) major studies on fact-checking, fake news and misinformation

Our Summary

On social media, users believe corrections if they include sources

This study attempts to determine the most effective way to correct misinformation on social media by testing both the content of corrections and how they're presented. In a survey with 613 valid responses, of which 271 were analyzed, participants saw either a simulated Facebook or Twitter feed and were assigned to one of three conditions with varying levels of misinformation and corrections, both with and without sources. Based on the experimental results, researchers found that, when everyday users share corrections on social media, linking to credible sources increases the probability that other users will believe the corrections. In the control condition, in which participants weren't shown corrections with sources, misperceptions were largely unaltered. On Facebook, linked sources in comments on articles led to increased perceptions of credibility, while the same effect was absent in Twitter replies.

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