Fact-Checking Research Database

We collect (and briefly explain) major studies on fact-checking, fake news and misinformation

Recent Research

Our Summary

Fake news and fact-checking websites both reach about a quarter of the population — but not the same quarter

Fake news has a relatively large audience, but it went deep with only a small portion of Americans. Fact-checkers also draw large audiences, but it doesn’t seem to bring the corrections to those who most need to read them.

Research Study

Characterizing Political Fake News in Twitter by its Meta-Data

Julio Amador, Díaz López, Axel Oehmichen, Miguel Molina-Solana
Our Summary

Tweeters that post fake news have more followers — and use more links — than those who don’t

In this study, researchers seek to understand the difference between tweets containing fake news and those that don’t by analyzing their metadata. Specifically, they use a sample of more than 1.5 million viral tweets collected on the 2016 U.S.

Research Study

Facing up to the facts: What causes economic perceptions?

Catherine E. De Vries, Sara B. Hobolt, James Tilley
Our Summary

Giving corrective economic information works, but it doesn't change views

Most people’s economic perceptions were rooted in real economic changes, like job growth and unemployment, and — most importantly — people who held inaccurate views of the economy generally changed them when presented with corrective information.

Our Summary

Labeling some fake stories on social media increases the believability of untagged fake stories

Attaching warnings to stories on social media platforms like Facebook that have been debunked by fact-checkers modestly decreases their perceived accuracy while increasing the perceived validity of untagged fake stories.

Research Study

Debunking: A Meta-Analysis of the Psychological Efficacy of Messages Countering Misinformation

Man-pui Sally Chan, Christopher R. Jones, Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Dolores Albarracín
Our Summary

The most effective way to fact-check is to create counter-messages

It’s often not enough for fact-checkers to simply correct online misinformation — they also have to create detailed counter-messages and alternative narratives if they want to change their audiences’ minds.

 
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