Fact-Checking Research Database

We collect (and briefly explain) major studies on fact-checking, fake news and misinformation

Recent Research

Research Study

Processing political misinformation: comprehending the Trump phenomenon

Briony Swire, Adam J. Berinsky, Stephan Lewandowsky, Ullrich K. H. Ecker
Our Summary

Fact-checking corrects misperceptions but doesn't affect votes

This study looks at the effect of partisanship on the likelihood of accepting a factual correction. In two separate studies, four true and four false claims by Donald Trump were presented to a sample of Democrats, non-Trump supporting Republicans and Trump-supporting Republicans.

Research Study

The Elusive Backfire Effect: Mass Attitudes' Steadfast Factual Adherence

Thomas Wood, Ethan Porter
Our Summary

The "backfire effect" fails the replication test

The "backfire effect" is a cognitive bias detected in a 2010 study ("When corrections fail: The persistence of political misperceptions") suggesting that sometimes factual corrections increase — rather than decrease — misperceptions among a target group.

Our Summary

The more partisan your online news diet, the less likely you are to believe fact-checkers

This study was conducted ahead of the 2012 presidential election. Respondents were asked whether they were aware of experts' conclusions on four political misconceptions, whether they believed them and which online news outlets they consumed.

Our Summary

Related links on Facebook could help correct misinformation

This study experiments with a feature that lists related stories underneath existing posts on Facebook in order to determine whether social media helps reinforce or correct users' misperceptions.

 
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