Fact-Checking Research Database

We collect (and briefly explain) major studies on fact-checking, fake news and misinformation

Recent Research

Research Study

Processing political misinformation: comprehending the Trump phenomenon

Briony Swire, Adam J. Berinsky, Stephan Lewandowsky, Ullrich K. H. Ecker
Our Summary

Fact-checking corrects misperceptions but doesn't affect votes

This study looks at the effect of partisanship on the likelihood of accepting a factual correction. In two separate studies, four true and four false claims by Donald Trump were presented to a sample of Democrats, non-Trump supporting Republicans and Trump-supporting Republicans.

Research Study

The Elusive Backfire Effect: Mass Attitudes' Steadfast Factual Adherence

Thomas Wood, Ethan Porter
Our Summary

The "backfire effect" fails the replication test

The "backfire effect" is a cognitive bias detected in a 2010 study ("When corrections fail: The persistence of political misperceptions") suggesting that sometimes factual corrections increase — rather than decrease — misperceptions among a target group.

Email IconGroup 3Facebook IconLinkedIn IconsearchGroupTwitter IconGroup 2YouTube Icon