Fact-Checking Research Database

We collect (and briefly explain) major studies on fact-checking, fake news and misinformation

Recent Research

Research Study

Facing up to the facts: What causes economic perceptions?

Catherine E. De Vries, Sara B. Hobolt, James Tilley
Our Summary

Giving corrective economic information works, but it doesn't change views

Most people’s economic perceptions were rooted in real economic changes, like job growth and unemployment, and — most importantly — people who held inaccurate views of the economy generally changed them when presented with corrective information.

Our Summary

Labeling some fake stories on social media increases the believability of untagged fake stories

Attaching warnings to stories on social media platforms like Facebook that have been debunked by fact-checkers modestly decreases their perceived accuracy while increasing the perceived validity of untagged fake stories.

Research Study

Debunking: A Meta-Analysis of the Psychological Efficacy of Messages Countering Misinformation

Man-pui Sally Chan, Christopher R. Jones, Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Dolores Albarracín
Our Summary

The most effective way to fact-check is to create counter-messages

It’s often not enough for fact-checkers to simply correct online misinformation — they also have to create detailed counter-messages and alternative narratives if they want to change their audiences’ minds.

Research Study

Fact-Checking Effectiveness as a Function of Format and Tone: Evaluating FactCheck.org and FlackCheck.org

Dannagal G. Young, Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Shannon Poulsen, and Abigail Goldring
Our Summary

Video or text? Evaluating the relative efficacy of different formats for fact-checking.

In this comparison of an article and a video fact-checking the same claim, the video seems to be more effective at improving factual understanding among its audience.

Our Summary

Social media comments are just as effective at correcting health misinformation as algorithms

This study measures the extent to which algorithms and comments on Facebook that link to fact checks can effectively correct users' misconceptions about health news. Researchers tested this by exposing 613 survey participants to simulated news feeds with three condition.

 
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