Fact-Checking Research Database

We collect (and briefly explain) major studies on fact-checking, fake news and misinformation

Recent Research

Our Summary

Fake news and fact-checking websites both reach about a quarter of the population — but not the same quarter

Fake news has a relatively large audience, but it went deep with only a small portion of Americans. Fact-checkers also draw large audiences, but it doesn’t seem to bring the corrections to those who most need to read them.

Research Study

Characterizing Political Fake News in Twitter by its Meta-Data

Julio Amador, Díaz López, Axel Oehmichen, Miguel Molina-Solana
Our Summary

Tweeters that post fake news have more followers — and use more links — than those who don’t

In this study, researchers seek to understand the difference between tweets containing fake news and those that don’t by analyzing their metadata. Specifically, they use a sample of more than 1.5 million viral tweets collected on the 2016 U.S.

Our Summary

Labeling some fake stories on social media increases the believability of untagged fake stories

Attaching warnings to stories on social media platforms like Facebook that have been debunked by fact-checkers modestly decreases their perceived accuracy while increasing the perceived validity of untagged fake stories.

Research Study

Debunking: A Meta-Analysis of the Psychological Efficacy of Messages Countering Misinformation

Man-pui Sally Chan, Christopher R. Jones, Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Dolores Albarracín
Our Summary

The most effective way to fact-check is to create counter-messages

It’s often not enough for fact-checkers to simply correct online misinformation — they also have to create detailed counter-messages and alternative narratives if they want to change their audiences’ minds.

Research Study

Fake News and Misinformation: The Roles of the Nation’s Digital Newsstands, Facebook, Google, Twitter and Reddit

Jacob Finkel, Steven Jiang, Mufan Luo, Rebecca Mears, Danaë Metaxa-Kakavouli, Camille Peeples, Brendan Sasso, Arjun Shenoy, Vincent Sheu, Nicolás Torres-Echeverry
Our Summary

How four of the biggest tech platforms spread fake news during the 2016 U.S. election

In this comprehensive law practicum, student researchers at Stanford University surveyed the ways in which Facebook, Google, Twitter and Reddit helped facilitate the spread of fake news during the 2016 U.S election.

Research Study

Satire or Fake News: Social Media Consumers' Socio-Demographics Decide

Michele Bedard, Chianna Schoenthaler
Our Summary

The distinction between fake news and satire varies from person to person

In this study, two undergraduate student researchers test how different groups of people perceive the distinction betwen satire and fake news differently. Through online surveys and focus groups, they quizzed participants on the difference between fake news and satire.

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