Fact-Checking Research Database

We collect (and briefly explain) major studies on fact-checking, fake news and misinformation

Recent Research

Our Summary

Fake news and fact-checking websites both reach about a quarter of the population — but not the same quarter

Fake news has a relatively large audience, but it went deep with only a small portion of Americans. Fact-checkers also draw large audiences, but it doesn’t seem to bring the corrections to those who most need to read them.

Research Study

Debunking: A Meta-Analysis of the Psychological Efficacy of Messages Countering Misinformation

Man-pui Sally Chan, Christopher R. Jones, Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Dolores Albarracín
Our Summary

The most effective way to fact-check is to create counter-messages

It’s often not enough for fact-checkers to simply correct online misinformation — they also have to create detailed counter-messages and alternative narratives if they want to change their audiences’ minds.

Our Summary

Social media comments are just as effective at correcting health misinformation as algorithms

This study measures the extent to which algorithms and comments on Facebook that link to fact checks can effectively correct users' misconceptions about health news. Researchers tested this by exposing 613 survey participants to simulated news feeds with three condition.

Research Study

Perceived social presence reduces fact-checking

Youjung Juna, Rachel Menga, Gita Venkataramani Johar
Our Summary

People are less likely to fact-check when they're around other people

This study of eight experiments aims to measure how social presence affects the way that people verify information online. It found that, when people think they're being judged by a large group of people online, they're less likely to fact-check claims than when they're alone.

Research Study

Processing political misinformation: comprehending the Trump phenomenon

Briony Swire, Adam J. Berinsky, Stephan Lewandowsky, Ullrich K. H. Ecker
Our Summary

Fact-checking corrects misperceptions but doesn't affect votes

This study looks at the effect of partisanship on the likelihood of accepting a factual correction. In two separate studies, four true and four false claims by Donald Trump were presented to a sample of Democrats, non-Trump supporting Republicans and Trump-supporting Republicans.

Our Summary

Related links on Facebook could help correct misinformation

This study experiments with a feature that lists related stories underneath existing posts on Facebook in order to determine whether social media helps reinforce or correct users' misperceptions.

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