Fact-Checking Research Database

We collect (and briefly explain) major studies on fact-checking, fake news and misinformation

Recent Research

Research Study

Politifact Language Audit

Dallas Card, Lucy H. Lin, Noah A. Smith
Our Summary

PolitiFact language audit finds no bias toward either U.S. political party

This report analyzes language that PolitiFact has published about Democrats and Republicans to see how the organization has framed speakers from both parties. It used automated text analysis on approximately 10,000 articles dating back to 2007, with the bulk of them between 2010 and 2017.

Research Study

Social Media, Political Polarization, and Political Disinformation: A Review of the Scientific Literature

Joshua A. Tucker, Andrew Guess, Pablo Barber, Cristian Vaccari, Alexandra Siegel, Sergey Sanovich, Denis Stukal, Brendan Nyhan
Our Summary

A comprehensive look at misinformation research

This high-level review looks at all the major scientific literature on the relationship between social media, political polarization and disinformation.

Research Study

Characterizing Political Fake News in Twitter by its Meta-Data

Julio Amador, Díaz López, Axel Oehmichen, Miguel Molina-Solana
Our Summary

Tweeters that post fake news have more followers — and use more links — than those who don’t

In this study, researchers seek to understand the difference between tweets containing fake news and those that don’t by analyzing their metadata. Specifically, they use a sample of more than 1.5 million viral tweets collected on the 2016 U.S.

Research Study

Debunking: A Meta-Analysis of the Psychological Efficacy of Messages Countering Misinformation

Man-pui Sally Chan, Christopher R. Jones, Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Dolores Albarracín
Our Summary

The most effective way to fact-check is to create counter-messages

It’s often not enough for fact-checkers to simply correct online misinformation — they also have to create detailed counter-messages and alternative narratives if they want to change their audiences’ minds.

 
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