August 20, 2020

Sen. Kamala Harris of California became the first Black and Asian American woman to accept the vice presidential nomination of a major political party during the third night of the 2020 virtual Democratic National Convention.

And — fact-check us — we’re pretty sure she was the first vice presidential nominee to speak in Tamil during her acceptance speech when she mentioned family. “Chitthi” means mom’s younger sister.

During her roughly 17-minute speech, Harris spoke about what it was like growing up as the daughter of two immigrants in the Bay Area. She recounted serving as attorney general in California while Joe Biden’s late son, Beau, held the same job in Delaware. She paid homage to the suffragettes who fought for women’s right to vote.

And, along with former President Barack Obama, Harris issued a scathing indictment of President Donald Trump’s handling of the COVID-19 pandemic.

“Donald Trump’s failure of leadership has cost lives and livelihoods,” Harris said.

Obama’s speech focused on Trump’s failures and the necessity of voting to preserve democracy.

“Donald Trump hasn’t grown into the job, because he can’t,” Obama said during a speech that was uncharacteristically critical of a sitting president. “And the consequences of that failure are severe. 170,000 Americans dead. Millions of jobs gone, while those at the top take in more than ever.”

We found a few talking points that needed clarification. Here’s our rundown.

Democratic vice presidential candidate Sen. Kamala Harris (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

“And while this virus touches us all, we’ve got to be honest. it is not an equal opportunity offender. Black, Latino and Indigenous people are suffering and dying disproportionately.” — Democratic vice presidential nominee Kamala Harris

This is true, based on available data.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has some data on COVID-19 cases and deaths broken down by race and ethnicity; however, not all cases are reported with this information. Of the cases that do, Hispanic/Latino people made up 31% of cases and 16.9% of deaths. Black people made up 19.8% of cases and 22.3% of deaths. And American Indians and Alaskan natives made up 1.2% of cases and 0.8% of deaths.

This data isn’t balanced against what proportion of the population makes up each of these groups. Other sources have attempted to provide this context.

The COVID Racial Data Tracker has asked every state to report complete data by race and ethnicity. These data are then analyzed against Census Bureau data to compare it to different groups’ share of the population.

According to the tracker’s website, nationwide Black people are dying from COVID-19 at 2.4 times the rate of white people. In May, NPR analyzed data from the COVID Racial Data Tracker and reported that in 42 states and Washington, D.C., Hispanics and Latinos make up a greater share of COVID-19 confirmed cases than their share of the population. White deaths from COVID-19 were found to be lower than their share of the population in 37 states and Washington, D.C.

In addition, The New York Times has analyzed CDC data by race and ethnicity. According to its July analysis, the Times found that Latinos and African-Americans in the U.S. are three times as likely to become infected with COVID-19 as white people. And Black and Latino people are also twice as likely to die from COVID-19 as white people.

The New York Times also analyzed limited data from state and local health agencies on COVID-19’s impact on the Native American community in July. In its analysis, the rate of known cases in eight counties with the largest populations of Native Americans is nearly double the national average. There were also smaller counties with large Native American populations that had high COVID-19 case rates.

— Victoria Knight, Kaiser Health News

Says she “helped take down one of the biggest for-profit colleges.”— Kamala Harris

Harris was talking about her battle against Corinthian Colleges, a for-profit company, when she was California’s attorney general.

In 2013, Harris filed a lawsuit against Corinthian Colleges, Inc. and its subsidiaries alleging false and predatory advertising, as well as intentional misrepresentations to students.

Corinthian’s chains included 107 campuses, which in July 2014 enrolled 72,000 students and employed 12,000.

While the lawsuit was underway, Harris asked a federal court to prevent Corinthian from enrolling new students and pushed for debt cancellation for former Corinthian students.

In 2016, Harris won a $1.1 billion federal court judgment from Corinthian, but by that point the school had closed and had filed for bankruptcy. The court found that Corinthian’s job placement rate for students was lower than the advertised rate.

The U.S. Education Department fined the company about $30 million for misleading students.

In 2017, several Corinthian loan borrowers filed a class-action lawsuit challenging the Education Department’s methodology in determining which students received full loan discharges.

— Samantha Putterman and Amy Sherman

Former President Barack Obama (Democratic National Convention via AP)

“I asked him to manage the Recovery Act, which jump-started the longest stretch of job growth in history.” — Former President Barack Obama

This checks out with federal data on private sector employment.

The job growth streak began in October 2010 and ran through February 2020, with the first decline happening in March 2020 as the coronavirus pandemic began to upend the economy.

Obama signed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act into law in February 2009. The approximately $800 billion stimulus package was his first major act to revive the economy amid the Great Recession. Obama tapped Biden to oversee the act’s implementation. Economists have long emphasized, however, that presidents’ policies alone don’t drive the economy.

— Miriam Valverde and Louis Jacobson

Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton (Democratic National Convention via AP)

“The wealthiest Americans got $400 billion richer during the pandemic.” — Hillary Clinton

This needs context. Clinton has a point that, overall, the wealthy have been insulated from the pandemic in ways that working people haven’t. But there are issues with this number.

Clinton appeared to be referencing a study by liberal groups, Americans for Tax Fairness and the Institute for Policy Studies’ Program for Inequality, that track estimates of the wealth of America’s billionaires.

Several news outlets in May published reports showing the then-current figure of $434 billion in gains between mid-March and mid-May. Current estimates by the group show the gains ballooning to $685 billion.

However, stock values, which account for much of billionaires’ net worth, are volatile. And when making these calculations, timing matters.

Starting the count of the billionaires’ wealth gains in mid-March means starting at the low point of their wealth. It excludes a sharp decline between mid-February and mid-March, when concern was growing about how the coronavirus was going to affect the economy.

Here’s a chart showing the closing prices of the Standard & Poors 500, a broad market index that can be used as a proxy for share-holdings by billionaires. The blue portion denotes the period before the study started counting the billionaires’ wealth; the red portion denotes the portion counted by the study.

In other words, if the study had started counting just a month earlier, the billionaires’ collective gains would have been close to zero.

— Louis Jacobson

Former Labor Secretary Hilda Solis (Democratic National Convention via AP)

The Obama-Biden administration “extended overtime pay to over 4 million workers.” — Hilda Solis, Los Angeles County Supervisor and former U.S. Secretary of Labor under Obama

This is wrong. The Obama administration tried to extend overtime pay to white-collar workers near the end of his tenure, but the effort was thwarted by the courts and the Trump administration.

Most employees are eligible for time-and-a-half overtime pay if they work more than 40 hours a week. But there’s an exception for white-collar workers. To be considered a white-collar worker by the government, an employee has to make more than $455 per week, be paid a salary, and work in an administrative, executive or professional position. People who meet these criteria do not qualify for overtime pay.

In 2016, the Obama administration announced it would extend overtime eligibility to white-collar salaried workers earning less than $913 a week, or $47,476 a year. That was about double the exemption level set in 2004 of $455 per week, or $23,660 a year.

The change would have extended eligibility to 4.2 million additional Americans. But it did not come to be.

In November 2016, a federal court in Texas halted the rule amid a challenge by Republican-led states and business trade groups. The Trump administration did not defend the Obama-era rule change, dropping the government’s appeal in 2017.

The Trump administration then proposed raising the salary threshold, but less than Obama proposed. The Labor Department’s final rule, which will take effect in January, extended overtime coverage to about 1.3 million additional workers.

— Amy Sherman

Daniel Funke contributed to this report.

This article was originally published by PolitiFact, which is owned by the Poynter Institute, and is republished here with permission. See the sources for these facts checks here and more of their fact-checks here.

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